Maloney, who became the first woman to chair the House Oversight and Reform Committee in November, has been advocating for a women's history museum since 1998.
"The journey of this moment started for me with a walk around the National Mall. I was looking at all the museums, and I saw them dedicated to air, space, spies, law enforcement, textiles, the postal service, arts. All enriching institutions. But I found myself asking, 'Where are the women?'" Maloney said on the House floor before the vote.
"Unfortunately, women have been left out of the telling of our nation's history," she said.
Maloney began introducing legislation in 1998 to create a privately funded commission to study the idea of the museum. It wasn't until 2014 that the bill became law. The commission produced a report affirming the proposal for a women's museum with recommendations for its construction and fundraising in 2016.